Home Energy Audit

Use this list and check each area of your home to see if you’re using energy efficiently. Every nook and cranny holds potential inefficiencies, so it pays to be thorough! Visit the Departement of Energy website for more information on what’s listed below.

Insulation and Ductwork


  • Insulation spread evenly
  • Insulation in good condition
  • Attic vents are unblocked by insulation
  • Attic access doors properly insulated and sealed

Walls and Doors

  • Minimum R-value* of 19 for perimeter walls
  • Minimum R-value* of 25 for under-floor insulation

*R-Value indicates an insulation’s resistance to heat flow (the higher the better). Insulation should meet R-values recommended for your specific climate.


  • Ductwork insulated and sealed
  • Hot water pipes insulated
  • Water heater insulated, if in unconditioned space

Heating and Cooling

  • Air supply vents are unblocked by furniture or curtains
  • Return air registers are unblocked by furniture
  • Return air handler filters are clean
  • HVAC system has had annual maintenance check-up
  • Programmable thermostat installed and programmed

Air Infiltration

Windows and Doors

  • Windows close and lock properly
  • Window gaskets in good condition
  • Window trim sealed and painted
  • Doors properly weather-stripped
  • Doors close and latch properly

Exterior Penetrations

  • Plumbing and wire openings sealed
    • Kitchen cabinets
    • Bathroom cabinets
    • Utility room
  • Fireplace damper sealed tightly

Appliances and Lighting

  • Refrigerator condenser coils clean
  • Refrigerator door gasket tight
  • Unused refrigerators and freezers unplugged
  • Water heater set to 120 degrees or below
  • Dishwasher energy-saving feature turned on
  • Washing machine loads run with cold water when possible

Well Pump

  • Operating properly
  • Good pressure
  • No leaks


  • Compact fluorescent bulbs (CFLs) used
  • Outdoor lighting automatically triggered by motion or dark

Source: National Rural Electric Cooperative Association